田村 明 (Akira TAMURA)

Profile of Professor Akira Tamura – Yokohama City Planner

Chihiro TAMURA

President, Akira Tamura Memorial-A Town Planning Research Initiative NPO,

Ph.D. in Chemistry

 

This essay is a profile of Prof. Akira Tamura (1926-2010), one of the great city planners of post-war Japan, and a brief study of his accomplishments in Yokohama.

 

The meaning of the term ‘city planner’ is somewhat vague, but in post-war Japan it primarily described officers of the central government. Because the City Planning Act 1919 was not amended as part of the post-war legislative overhaul, the power of the central government remained very strong. This centralised system was well-suited to post-war reconstruction, but did not assist in addressing questions of urban planning which arose with the rapid economic growth from the 1960s onwards.

 

With the expansion of the Greater Tokyo Area, the population of Yokohama grew rapidly, and its land use was disorganised. The pollution and the lack of infrastructure reached a critical point. Ichio Asukata, elected in 1963 as the new socialist mayor, had to solve these issues. He devised a citizen-centric plan for Yokohama, then approached the planning office at which Tamura was working for assistance.

 

Tamura had studied at the architectural department at Tokyo University and majored in city planning. After graduation he first worked for the central government, but soon quit due to feeling uneasy about the elitism and sectionalism of the national bureaucracy. Having decided to pursue a career as a city planner as his vocation, Tamura studied in the Law Faculty of Tokyo University to learn a more comprehensive approach to city planning.

 

Tamura proposed to Asukata a new concept for Yokohama as “Japan’s ‘international management centre’”, rather than a mere satellite to Tokyo. In order to realise the concept, he recommended that six projects be implemented: the redevelopment of the urban central area, the reclamation in the Kanazawa seaside area, the building of the Kohoku New Town, a municipal subway system, highways and the Yokohama Bay Bridge. According to him, the completion of the six projects would be very costly, but would succeed if Yokohama sought the involvement of both the central government and private developers in the projects.

 

Tamura was invited to work at the city government and worked in the taskforce under the direction of the mayor. He became the chief planner of city administration; not only striving to realise the six projects, but also introducing guidance to control the development and management of ‘urban design’.

As Asukata left the city in 1979, Tamura worked for Yokohama for about a decade. However, his planning vision was inherited by the officers who had been educated by him. Moreover, Tamura’s accomplishments have encouraged many planners and officers in other local governments.

 

After he wrote his Ph.D. thesis on the local development exaction system, Tamura left Yokohama, and lectured on urban policy as a professor. He also authored twenty books and lectured to enlighten the public on city planning issues. 

 

In short Tamura was a leader and pioneer in the field of city planning as an officer of local government, whose achievements are comparable to Daniel Burnham in Chicago in the late nineteenth century.

大正15(1926)年7月25日 父田村幸太郎と母忠子の三男として東京に生まれる。四人兄弟である。なお同年12月より昭和元年となる。

昭和6(1931)年4月 青山師範付属小学校入学

昭和19(1944)年3月 旧制東京府立第一中学校第四学年修了

昭和19(1944)年4月 旧制静岡高等学校理科甲類入学

昭和22(1947)年2月 仮卒業で静岡を去る  

昭和22(1947)年4月 旧制東京大学工学部建築学科入学

昭和25(1950)年3月 卒業 東大建築学科卒業論文『大都市地域構造の変動に関する研究』指導を丹下健三助教授から受ける。

昭和25(1950)年4月 旧制東京大学法学部法律学科入学

昭和25(1950)年5月 運輸省大臣官房観光部計画課運輸省技官(六級一号)任命、同時に事務官(六級一号)任命

昭和26(1951)年9月 運輸省を依願免官

昭和29(1954)年3月 東京大学法学部卒業

昭和29(1954)年4月 日本生命保険相互会社に入社し本店不動産課に配属

昭和35(1960)年 33歳で斎藤眞生子と無教会式で結婚

昭和38(1963)年1月 浅田孝が社長を務める㈱環境開発センターに計画部長として参画、田村明36歳。

昭和39(1964)年 飛鳥田一雄横浜市長の要請により、横浜の都市将来構想として「六大事業」を提案

昭和43(1968)年 飛鳥田市長の要請により横浜市入庁、田村のために新設された企画調整室の部長職に就任。その後、企画調整局長となり、また技監も兼務する

昭和53(1978)年 細郷道一市長に企画調整局長の職を解かれ技監のみとなる

昭和56(1981)年 横浜市退職し法政大学法学部教授に就任、早稲田大学客員教授も兼任

平成8(1996)年 法政大学を退職

その後、法政大学名誉教授、自治体学会代表幹事、財団法人横浜市政調査会理事長等を務めつつ全国のまちづくり市民グループと交流する。また世界130カ国を旅して20万枚以上のスライドやスケッチを残した。

平成22(2010)年1月25日 伊豆熱川の別荘で眞生子夫人に見守られて逝去。

田村明年表(詳細版)を掲載します Timeline of Akira Tamura (detailed version) Japanese/English
田村明年表日英語.pdf
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『Dear Mr. Akira Tamura・田村明の肖像』「田村明さんを偲び、お別れする会」実行委員会編
2010年4月3日(土)午後2時からヨコハマ創造都市センターで開催された「田村明さんを偲び、お別れする会」で配布された記念誌です。
田村さんを偲ぶ会_20171231_0001.pdf
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「田村明さんを偲び、お別れする会」で配布された田村明さんの同窓生・小川伸一郎氏による弔辞
田村明さんの人柄がよく分かる長年の友人からの心温まる弔辞です。当日の参列者に配布されたものを、そのまま掲載します。
小川伸一郎氏・田村明弔辞_20171231_0001.pdf
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田村忠子絵葉書
田村明さんのお母様の田村忠子様による絵葉書で、「田村明さんを偲び、お別れする会」で田村明さんの奥様眞生子様より参列者に配られたものです。
田村忠子絵葉書_20171231_0001.pdf
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